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  • “while”與“meanwhile”的區別到底在哪裡?4個差別,讓你一次搞懂!


    27 七月 2015 知識家編輯

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    編輯/黃家佳

    “while” 和 “meanwhile”都表示「同時發生」,但他們有什麼區別嗎?

    1、句子數量

    meanwhile連接兩個句子,所以在meanwhile出現的地方,前後一定各有一句。

    while 連接同一個句子中的2個不同動作,所以句子一定只有一句。

    如:

    I went to a concert. Meanwhile, my friend was at a restaurant. (2句)

    I will do my homework while you watch TV. (1句)

    2、位置不同

    meanwhile 在第二句的句首

    while 既可在句首,又可置於句中。

    如:

    I went to a concert. Meanwhile, my friend was at a restaurant. (第二句句首)

    While you watch TV, I will do my homework. (句首)

    I will do my homework while you watch TV. (句中)

    3、逗號

    meanwhile 後面一定要加逗號

    while 不用加

    Mom worked all day. Meanwhile, I was at school. (逗號緊跟在後)

    While you sang, I took pictures of you. (沒有逗號)

    4、後面接的成分不一樣

    meanwhile 後面接句子的主語

    while 不一定,可以加主語,可以接動詞ing形式

    Mom worked all day. Meanwhile, I was at school. (加主語)

    While you sang, I took pictures of you. (加主語)

    Every day, I eat breakfast while reading the newspaper. (加動詞ing形式)

    練習

    1)People were at home watching TV. _____, aliens were planning their invasions of the Earth.

    2)_____ I was waiting for Jeremy, I heard a loud noise.

    3)I read a lot of books _____ I was on the airplane.

     

    答案:

    1)因為有兩句話,而連接兩個句子,只能用meanwhile

    2)這裡只有一句話,並且meanwhile只能在第二個動作的句首,這裡是第一個動作的居句首,所以只能用While(記得大寫)。

    3)這裡只有一句話,所以用while。

     

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